Tal Afar, also spelt Tal’Afar, Tall Afar, Tell Afar or Tel Afar, is a city and district in the Nineveh Governorate of northwestern Iraq, 63 km west of Mosul. The population is mostly Turkmen, about 75 per cent of whom are Shi’ite Muslims, while a quarter are Sunni. Islamic State (ISIS, ISIL, Daesh) captured Tal Afar on June 16, 2014, after a two-day battle. On August 20, 2017, the Iraqi Army announced that it had launched an offensive to retake Tal Afar.

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