ISIS stands for the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria or the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham, also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and Islamic State (IS), and by its Arabic language acronym of Daesh. It is a Salafi jihadist militant group following fundamentalist Wahhabi Sunni Islam, which has been categorised as a terrorist organisation by the United Nations and European Union, and individual countries, including the United Kingdon, the Russian Federation and the USA.

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